Hyperpigmentation is a common skin issue that is often caused by genetics, hormones, or sun exposure. This blog post will discuss the most common causes of hyperpigmentation and what you can do to treat it.
The Causes of Hyperpigmentation
Several different factors contribute to hyperpigmentation. They include the following, among others:
This is commonly seen during pregnancy or in women taking oral contraceptives. It is typically triggered by hormonal changes, which cause the melanocytes to produce an excess of pigment. Melasma often begins on the forehead, above the upper lip, and nose.
This is often caused by sun damage, making it most common in older adults who have spent a large amount of time in the sun without protection or sunscreen. It can appear as thick, scaly patches that are dark brown to black.
Exposure to the sun or ultraviolet light can cause the melanocytes to produce too much pigment. This is often seen in people who have spent a lot of time outdoors, even if they are using sunscreen.
Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation
This form of hyperpigmentation can be caused after a breakout. It is usually triggered by the inflammation around a pimple, which causes melanocytes to produce more pigment than usual. This results in dark patches that are often seen on the face and neck, where acne most commonly occurs.
As we age, our skin produces less collagen and elastin. This causes the melanocytes to produce more pigment than usual. It is often seen in older adults who have deep wrinkles, uneven pigmentation, or a loss of tone and elasticity.
This is a rare endocrine disease that is often associated with hyperpigmentation. It is caused by an insufficient amount of cortisol, which stimulates melanin production in the body. People who have Addison’s disease are more likely to develop dark patches on their face and neck that can become scarred or lighter over time if they do not receive treatment for this condition.
This is another health condition that is often associated with hyperpigmentation. It can appear as small light brown to black spots over the shin bones, feet, and elbows due to poor circulation in these areas of the body.
Smoking can cause the melanocytes to produce too much pigment, which causes hyperpigmentation. This is often seen in people who smoke cigarettes or cigars and is commonly referred to as a smoker’s skin.
Being overweight can cause the cells to produce too much pigment, which can result in hyperpigmentation. This is often seen in people who have large amounts of stretch marks or dark patches around their belly button and armpits due to excess fat deposits.
Reaction to Certain Drugs
Some drugs can trigger a reaction that causes the melanocytes to produce too much pigment. This is often seen in people who take medications, such as minocycline and amiodarone.
Inflammatory diseases, such as lupus can cause hyperpigmentation. This is often seen in people who have a higher risk of developing this disease due to family history or other factors.
Treatment Options for Hyperpigmentation
There are various treatment options that you can consider if you suffer from hyperpigmentation. At Gold Coast Med Spa, we offer various treatments that should help you achieve a more even skin tone. They include the following:
A chemical peel uses glycolic acid or salicylic acid to remove dead layers of skin and stimulate collagen production. This helps improve the appearance of hyperpigmentation by removing dark spots that can cause post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation on the skin.
This is another great treatment option that can help improve the appearance of hyperpigmentation. It uses a mechanical exfoliation process to remove dead skin cells and stimulate collagen production, which helps give your complexion a more even tone.
Laser resurfacing is another treatment that you should consider if you have dark patches on your face or other areas of your body. It uses a laser to remove dark cells, which can help improve the appearance of post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation and reduce the size of old scars left over from acne.
Intense Pulsed Light Treatment
This treatment uses high-intensity light to penetrate the skin and destroy certain cells that are responsible for hyperpigmentation. It works well if you have dark patches caused by sun damage or age spots on your face, neck, hands, etc.
We also offer a variety of topical therapies that can help improve the appearance of skin pigmentation. We have creams and lotions available for purchase that contain ingredients such as retinoids, kojic acid, and arbutin. These products should help improve the appearance of dark spots and patches on your skin.
Hyperpigmentation can be caused by a variety of factors, including age, health conditions, and certain medications. If you suffer from hyperpigmentation or want to improve the appearance of your complexion, consider one of our treatments at Gold Coast Med Spa.